Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
  • Jul 2 2009Became Legal in India
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Status of LGBT Laws Across The Globe

Legal
Illegal

Homosexual activity

Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
26 countries (70%)
Illegal
10 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Same-sex marriage

Legal
26 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
67 countries (29%)
Illegal
34 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
103 countries (45%)
Legal
6 countries (16%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (30%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (51%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (50%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (12%)
Illegal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
39 countries (66%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
15 countries (33%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (41%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Same-sex adoption

Legal
23 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (9%)
Illegal
19 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
167 countries (73%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (5%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
12 countries (24%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (83%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
6 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Homosexuals serving openly in military

Legal
51 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
166 countries (72%)
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (76%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
53 countries (90%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (80%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT discrimination

Protected
52 countries (23%)
Some protections
19 countries (8%)
No protections
55 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
104 countries (45%)
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (57%)
North America
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
5 countries (10%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (75%)
Oceania
Protected
5 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Protected
5 countries (8%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
18 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (58%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
4 countries (9%)
No protections
23 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (39%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT housing discrimination

Protected
12 countries (5%)
Some protections
1 countries (0%)
No protections
3 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
214 countries (93%)
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (95%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (84%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (95%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT employment discrimination

Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
16 countries (7%)
No protections
6 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
192 countries (83%)
Protected
2 countries (5%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (92%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (60%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (93%)
Asia
Equal
Unequal

Equal age of consent

Equal
74 countries (32%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
140 countries (61%)
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
39 countries (78%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia
Legal
Illegal

Blood donations by MSMs

Legal
8 countries (3%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
190 countries (83%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
4 countries (8%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (62%)
Europe
Illegal
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Legal
1 countries (7%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
39 countries (85%)
Asia
Legal
Illegal

Right to change legal gender

Legal
44 countries (19%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
177 countries (77%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (95%)
North America
Legal
26 countries (52%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia
Banned

Conversion therapy

Banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
229 countries (100%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1332 LGBT-related laws.

14
LAWS CHANGED
this year
53
LAWS CHANGED
last year
2
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
74.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
57.1% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


11 contributions
1 contribution
1 contribution

Recent Edits

vviet93
vviet93 added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Turkmenistan
aelfering
aelfering added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Nebraska
robertshippey
robertshippey added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Oklahoma

LGBT Rights by Country

Learn about the status of LGBT rights in each country and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region