• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Military
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

136
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

27
Legal
71
Somewhere in between
52
Illegal
Legal
27 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
71 countries (31%)
Illegal
52 countries (23%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
79 countries (34%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (47%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
22 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (44%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
18 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (26%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

25
Legal
21
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (9%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
163 countries (71%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (14%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
16
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
152 countries (66%)
Legal
29 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (38%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (80%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

53
Protected
25
Some protections
72
No protections
Protected
53 countries (23%)
Some protections
25 countries (11%)
No protections
72 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
79 countries (34%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
5 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Protected
7 countries (19%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (56%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (22%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

15
Protected
2
Some protections
8
No protections
Protected
15 countries (7%)
Some protections
2 countries (1%)
No protections
8 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
204 countries (89%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (76%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

18
Protected
21
Some protections
12
No protections
Protected
18 countries (8%)
Some protections
21 countries (9%)
No protections
12 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
178 countries (78%)
Protected
12 countries (24%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (89%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
41 countries (89%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

78
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
78 countries (34%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
135 countries (59%)
Equal
42 countries (84%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
32
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

46
Legal
12
Illegal
Legal
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
12 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
171 countries (75%)
Legal
28 countries (56%)
Illegal
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
227 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (98%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1667 LGBT-related laws.

3
LAWS CHANGED
this year
36
LAWS CHANGED
last year
11
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
83% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
66.5% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


16 contributions
7 contributions
2 contributions

Recent Edits

litui
litui added an entry.
Homosexuals serving openly in military in Alberta
iveneadlev
iveneadlev added an entry.
Equal age of consent in Queensland
iveneadlev
iveneadlev added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Queensland

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region