• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Military
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

136
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

28
Legal
71
Somewhere in between
53
Illegal
Legal
28 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
71 countries (31%)
Illegal
53 countries (23%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
77 countries (34%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (47%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
22 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (44%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
19 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (24%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

25
Legal
22
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (10%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
162 countries (71%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (48%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
25
Some protections
73
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
25 countries (11%)
No protections
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
76 countries (33%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (22%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

15
Protected
3
Some protections
8
No protections
Protected
15 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
8 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
203 countries (89%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (74%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

18
Protected
22
Some protections
13
No protections
Protected
18 countries (8%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
176 countries (77%)
Protected
12 countries (24%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
40 countries (87%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
17
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
17 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
151 countries (66%)
Legal
29 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (38%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

78
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
78 countries (34%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
135 countries (59%)
Equal
42 countries (84%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
32
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

46
Legal
13
Illegal
Legal
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
170 countries (74%)
Legal
28 countries (56%)
Illegal
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
227 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (98%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1728 LGBT-related laws.

4
LAWS CHANGED
this year
39
LAWS CHANGED
last year
0
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
84.8% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
67.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


43 contributions
3 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

matkoglibota
matkoglibota added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Croatia
danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Idaho
danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Slovenia

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region