• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Military
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Jan 28 2014Became Legal in Lebanon
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

136
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

29
Legal
70
Somewhere in between
58
Illegal
Legal
29 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
70 countries (31%)
Illegal
58 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
72 countries (31%)
Legal
16 countries (32%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (44%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
23 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

25
Legal
23
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (10%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
161 countries (70%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (48%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
25
Some protections
74
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
25 countries (11%)
No protections
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
75 countries (33%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

15
Protected
3
Some protections
10
No protections
Protected
15 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
10 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
201 countries (88%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (74%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (91%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

18
Protected
22
Some protections
15
No protections
Protected
18 countries (8%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
15 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
174 countries (76%)
Protected
12 countries (24%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
18
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
150 countries (66%)
Legal
29 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (38%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

78
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
78 countries (34%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
135 countries (59%)
Equal
42 countries (84%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
32
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

46
Legal
13
Illegal
Legal
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
170 countries (74%)
Legal
28 countries (56%)
Illegal
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
227 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (98%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1770 LGBT-related laws.

10
LAWS CHANGED
this year
40
LAWS CHANGED
last year
1
LAW ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
87.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
69.1% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


9 contributions
1 contribution

Recent Edits

Brett
Brett added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Ireland
CH7i5
CH7i5 added an entry.
Conversion therapy in Wales
CH7i5
CH7i5 added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Wales

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region