• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • Oct 16 2014Became Legal in Palau
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Mar 9 2012Became Legal in Lesotho
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

138
Legal
75
Illegal
Legal
138 countries (60%)
Illegal
75 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Illegal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
17 countries (29%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

28
Legal
82
Somewhere in between
71
Illegal
Legal
28 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
82 countries (36%)
Illegal
71 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (21%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
34 countries (68%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (39%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (19%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

10
Legal
45
Somewhere in between
12
Illegal
Legal
10 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
45 countries (20%)
Illegal
12 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
162 countries (71%)
Legal
7 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
1 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (92%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
54 countries (92%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (61%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

26
Legal
25
Somewhere in between
26
Illegal
Legal
26 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (11%)
Illegal
26 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
152 countries (66%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (13%)
Illegal
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (65%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
28
Some protections
74
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
28 countries (12%)
No protections
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
72 countries (31%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
27 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (41%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

16
Protected
3
Some protections
13
No protections
Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
197 countries (86%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (72%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
40 countries (87%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

22
Protected
22
Some protections
20
No protections
Protected
22 countries (10%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
165 countries (72%)
Protected
14 countries (28%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Protected
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
9 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (76%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
5
Somewhere in between
18
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (2%)
Illegal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
149 countries (65%)
Legal
30 countries (60%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

80
Equal
20
Unequal
Equal
80 countries (35%)
Unequal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
129 countries (56%)
Equal
43 countries (86%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
5 countries (36%)
Unequal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
5 countries (14%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 countries (75%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
12 countries (26%)
Unequal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (61%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

19
Legal
36
Illegal
Legal
19 countries (8%)
Illegal
36 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
174 countries (76%)
Legal
9 countries (18%)
Illegal
20 countries (40%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (83%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
1
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
226 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1951 LGBT-related laws.

LAWS CHANGED
this year
58
LAWS CHANGED
last year
19
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
90.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
71.7% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


18 contributions
3 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

vviet93
vviet93 added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Malaysia
Simo
Simo added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Monaco
Simo
Simo added an entry.
Blood donations by MSMs in Uruguay

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region