• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Military
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

135
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
135 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

25
Legal
72
Somewhere in between
46
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
72 countries (31%)
Illegal
46 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
86 countries (38%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (50%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (47%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
19 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (49%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
15 countries (33%)
Illegal
16 countries (35%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (33%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

23
Legal
22
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
23 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (10%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
164 countries (72%)
Legal
12 countries (24%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (83%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

53
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
10
Illegal
Legal
53 countries (23%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
10 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
162 countries (71%)
Legal
27 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
7 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
52 countries (88%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (80%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

52
Protected
24
Some protections
63
No protections
Protected
52 countries (23%)
Some protections
24 countries (10%)
No protections
63 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
90 countries (39%)
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (75%)
Oceania
Protected
5 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Protected
7 countries (19%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (56%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
25 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (44%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
4 countries (9%)
No protections
24 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (37%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

76
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
76 countries (33%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
137 countries (60%)
Equal
40 countries (80%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
32
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

45
Legal
9
Illegal
Legal
45 countries (20%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
175 countries (76%)
Legal
27 countries (54%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (44%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

12
Protected
1
Some protections
3
No protections
Protected
12 countries (5%)
Some protections
1 countries (0%)
No protections
3 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
213 countries (93%)
Protected
7 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (84%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (95%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

16
Protected
17
Some protections
6
No protections
Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
17 countries (7%)
No protections
6 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
190 countries (83%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
10 countries (20%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (92%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (93%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

1
Banned
Banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
228 countries (100%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1386 LGBT-related laws.

18
LAWS CHANGED
this year
56
LAWS CHANGED
last year
11
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
80% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
62.6% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


8 contributions
4 contributions
1 contribution

Recent Edits

danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Yemen
danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Bahrain
danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Bahrain

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region