• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Mar 9 2012Became Legal in Lesotho
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

138
Legal
76
Illegal
Legal
138 countries (60%)
Illegal
76 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
17 countries (29%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

30
Legal
73
Somewhere in between
68
Illegal
Legal
30 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
73 countries (32%)
Illegal
68 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
58 countries (25%)
Legal
15 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
8 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (42%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (19%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

2
Legal
46
Somewhere in between
12
Illegal
Legal
2 countries (1%)
Somewhere in between
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
12 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
169 countries (74%)
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
28 countries (56%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (15%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

25
Legal
24
Somewhere in between
23
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (10%)
Illegal
23 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
157 countries (69%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (18%)
Illegal
8 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
26
Some protections
74
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
26 countries (11%)
No protections
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
74 countries (32%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
10 countries (20%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

15
Protected
3
Some protections
13
No protections
Protected
15 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
198 countries (86%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (72%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
40 countries (87%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

18
Protected
22
Some protections
18
No protections
Protected
18 countries (8%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
171 countries (75%)
Protected
12 countries (24%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (48%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

56
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
18
Illegal
Legal
56 countries (24%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
151 countries (66%)
Legal
29 countries (58%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

79
Equal
18
Unequal
Equal
79 countries (34%)
Unequal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
132 countries (58%)
Equal
42 countries (84%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
12 countries (26%)
Unequal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (63%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

10
Legal
33
Illegal
Legal
10 countries (4%)
Illegal
33 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
5 countries (10%)
Illegal
17 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (56%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (89%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
227 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (98%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1856 LGBT-related laws.

34
LAWS CHANGED
this year
40
LAWS CHANGED
last year
3
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
90.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
71.3% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


22 contributions
20 contributions
5 contributions

Recent Edits

danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Monaco
danlev
danlev added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Monaco
Sar1990
Sar1990 added an entry.
Equal age of consent in Bahrain

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region