• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Military
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

135
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
135 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

26
Legal
71
Somewhere in between
46
Illegal
Legal
26 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
71 countries (31%)
Illegal
46 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
86 countries (38%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (47%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
19 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (49%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
15 countries (33%)
Illegal
16 countries (35%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (33%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

23
Legal
22
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
23 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (10%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
164 countries (72%)
Legal
12 countries (24%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (83%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

53
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
10
Illegal
Legal
53 countries (23%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
10 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
162 countries (71%)
Legal
27 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
7 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
52 countries (88%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (80%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

52
Protected
24
Some protections
66
No protections
Protected
52 countries (23%)
Some protections
24 countries (10%)
No protections
66 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
87 countries (38%)
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
5 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Protected
7 countries (19%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (56%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
4 countries (9%)
No protections
25 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (35%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

12
Protected
1
Some protections
3
No protections
Protected
12 countries (5%)
Some protections
1 countries (0%)
No protections
3 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
213 countries (93%)
Protected
7 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (84%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (95%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

16
Protected
17
Some protections
6
No protections
Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
17 countries (7%)
No protections
6 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
190 countries (83%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
10 countries (20%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (92%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (93%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

76
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
76 countries (33%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
137 countries (60%)
Equal
40 countries (80%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
32
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
186 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (58%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

45
Legal
9
Illegal
Legal
45 countries (20%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
175 countries (76%)
Legal
27 countries (54%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (44%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

1
Banned
Banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
228 countries (100%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1397 LGBT-related laws.

20
LAWS CHANGED
this year
56
LAWS CHANGED
last year
2
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
80.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
62.6% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


11 contributions
7 contributions
4 contributions

Recent Edits

vviet93
vviet93 added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Virginia
vviet93
vviet93 added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Estonia
Grogipher
Grogipher added an entry.
Blood donations by MSMs in Scotland

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region