Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
  • Jan 1 2010Became Legal in Fiji
  • Dec 6 2009Became Legal in Bolivia
  • Jul 2 2009Became Legal in India
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Status of LGBT Laws Across The Globe

Legal
Illegal

Homosexual activity

Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
26 countries (70%)
Illegal
10 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Same-sex marriage

Legal
27 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
62 countries (27%)
Illegal
29 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
112 countries (49%)
Legal
7 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (30%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (49%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (50%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
15 countries (33%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (43%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Same-sex adoption

Legal
23 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (9%)
Illegal
19 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
167 countries (73%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (5%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
12 countries (24%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (50%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (83%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
6 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia
Legal
Somewhere in between
Illegal

Homosexuals serving openly in military

Legal
51 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
166 countries (72%)
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (76%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
53 countries (90%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (80%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT discrimination

Protected
52 countries (23%)
Some protections
19 countries (8%)
No protections
55 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
104 countries (45%)
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (57%)
North America
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
5 countries (10%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (75%)
Oceania
Protected
5 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (14%)
South America
Protected
5 countries (8%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
18 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (58%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
4 countries (9%)
No protections
23 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (39%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT housing discrimination

Protected
11 countries (5%)
Some protections
1 countries (0%)
No protections
3 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
215 countries (93%)
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (95%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (12%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (86%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (95%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia
Protected
Some protections
No protections

LGBT employment discrimination

Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
16 countries (7%)
No protections
6 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
192 countries (83%)
Protected
2 countries (5%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (92%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (60%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (86%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (93%)
Asia
Equal
Unequal

Equal age of consent

Equal
74 countries (32%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
140 countries (61%)
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
39 countries (78%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia
Legal
Illegal

Blood donations by MSMs

Legal
8 countries (3%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
190 countries (83%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
4 countries (8%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (62%)
Europe
Illegal
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Legal
1 countries (7%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
39 countries (85%)
Asia
Legal
Illegal

Right to change legal gender

Legal
44 countries (19%)
Illegal
9 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
177 countries (77%)
Legal
2 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (95%)
North America
Legal
26 countries (52%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia
Banned

Conversion therapy

Banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
229 countries (100%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (100%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1318 LGBT-related laws.

12
LAWS CHANGED
this year
54
LAWS CHANGED
last year
1
LAW ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
74% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
54.5% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


7 contributions
6 contributions
6 contributions

Recent Edits

martinhache
martinhache added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Nayarit
vviet93
vviet93 added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in New South Wales
Fandorine
Fandorine added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Republic of the Congo

LGBT Rights by Country

Learn about the status of LGBT rights in each country and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region