• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • Oct 16 2014Became Legal in Palau
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Mar 9 2012Became Legal in Lesotho
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

138
Legal
75
Illegal
Legal
138 countries (60%)
Illegal
75 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Illegal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
17 countries (29%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

28
Legal
82
Somewhere in between
71
Illegal
Legal
28 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
82 countries (36%)
Illegal
71 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (21%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
34 countries (68%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (39%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (19%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

10
Legal
45
Somewhere in between
11
Illegal
Legal
10 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
45 countries (20%)
Illegal
11 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
163 countries (71%)
Legal
7 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
1 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (92%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
54 countries (92%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (63%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

26
Legal
25
Somewhere in between
26
Illegal
Legal
26 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (11%)
Illegal
26 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
152 countries (66%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (13%)
Illegal
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (65%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
27
Some protections
74
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
27 countries (12%)
No protections
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
73 countries (32%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
11 countries (22%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
27 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (41%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

16
Protected
3
Some protections
13
No protections
Protected
16 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
197 countries (86%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (72%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
40 countries (87%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

22
Protected
22
Some protections
20
No protections
Protected
22 countries (10%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
165 countries (72%)
Protected
14 countries (28%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Protected
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
9 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (76%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
5
Somewhere in between
18
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (2%)
Illegal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
149 countries (65%)
Legal
30 countries (60%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (36%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

12
Legal
36
Illegal
Legal
12 countries (5%)
Illegal
36 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
181 countries (79%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
20 countries (40%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (48%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

80
Equal
20
Unequal
Equal
80 countries (35%)
Unequal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
129 countries (56%)
Equal
43 countries (86%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
5 countries (36%)
Unequal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
5 countries (14%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 countries (75%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
12 countries (26%)
Unequal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (61%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
1
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
226 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1942 LGBT-related laws.

LAWS CHANGED
this year
58
LAWS CHANGED
last year
12
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
90.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
71.7% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


10 contributions
3 contributions
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Recent Edits

Simo
Simo added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in San Marino
Simo
Simo added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in San Marino
Simo
Simo added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in San Marino

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region