• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Military
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Changing Gender
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Jan 28 2014Became Legal in Lebanon
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
  • Apr 18 2013Became Legal in Montana
  • Jul 9 2011Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in South Sudan
  • Jan 6 2010Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Central African Republic
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

136
Legal
78
Illegal
Legal
136 countries (59%)
Illegal
78 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
36 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

31
Legal
71
Somewhere in between
57
Illegal
Legal
31 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
71 countries (31%)
Illegal
57 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
70 countries (31%)
Legal
16 countries (32%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (42%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
23 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
16 countries (35%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

25
Legal
23
Somewhere in between
21
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (10%)
Illegal
21 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
160 countries (70%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (16%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (11%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

55
Protected
25
Some protections
74
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
25 countries (11%)
No protections
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
75 countries (33%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
26 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (42%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

15
Protected
3
Some protections
11
No protections
Protected
15 countries (7%)
Some protections
3 countries (1%)
No protections
11 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
200 countries (87%)
Protected
10 countries (20%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (72%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
No protections
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
4 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (91%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

18
Protected
22
Some protections
16
No protections
Protected
18 countries (8%)
Some protections
22 countries (10%)
No protections
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
173 countries (76%)
Protected
12 countries (24%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (48%)
Europe
Protected
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (96%)
Oceania
Protected
2 countries (14%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

57
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
18
Illegal
Legal
57 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
18 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
150 countries (66%)
Legal
29 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (38%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

78
Equal
16
Unequal
Equal
78 countries (34%)
Unequal
16 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
135 countries (59%)
Equal
42 countries (84%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (57%)
South America
Equal
4 countries (11%)
Unequal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
7 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Equal
11 countries (24%)
Unequal
3 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

11
Legal
33
Illegal
Legal
11 countries (5%)
Illegal
33 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
185 countries (81%)
Legal
6 countries (12%)
Illegal
16 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (56%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
2 countries (14%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (86%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

47
Legal
13
Illegal
Legal
47 countries (21%)
Illegal
13 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
169 countries (74%)
Legal
28 countries (56%)
Illegal
2 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (40%)
Europe
Legal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 countries (94%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
227 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
45 countries (98%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 1801 LGBT-related laws.

30
LAWS CHANGED
this year
39
LAWS CHANGED
last year
4
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
99.6% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
87.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
69.1% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


18 contributions
4 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

CH7i5
CH7i5 added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Gibraltar
CH7i5
CH7i5 added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Gibraltar
CH7i5
CH7i5 added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Gibraltar

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, provice, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discriminiation protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region