Timeline of LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time
  • August 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Previous bill was struck down due to a technicality rendering it unconstitutional. Although still homophobia is widespread.
  • July 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • June 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    "U.S. District Judge John E. Jones III, a federal judge appointed by President George W. Bush, ruled in favor of the freedom to marry, striking down Pennsylvania's ban on marriage for same-sex couple[s]."
  • May 19
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 12
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
  • May
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (6-month deferral).
    Newer law has been passed. As of 20/05/2014 South African National Blood Service (SANBS) will accept donations from anyone as long as they have been in a monogamous relationship for the prior six months, or celibate - regardless of sexual orientation. Donors will be asked about sexual history rather than sexual orientation. Six month deferral instead applies to everyone with new sexual partners.
  • April 15
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    The Supreme Court of india recognized a third gender that transgendered persons can choose to identify themselves in official documents.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
  • March 13
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • February 24
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (up to life in prison as punishment).
    Under this bill, "aggravated homosexuality" is punishable by imprisonment for life. Includes provisions which make it illegal to aid homosexuality, touch with the intent of homosexuality, and promote homosexuality. Allows extradition for homosexuality-related offenses. Earlier referred to internationally as the "Kill the Gays" bill when first proposed on October 13, 2009, life imprisonment was substituted for the death penalty following international pressure. Prior to this bill, homosexuality was illegal under Section 145 of the penal code, punishable by up to life imprisonment.
  • February 14
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Classified as an "an act of unprofessional conduct to try to change the sexual orientation of a patient under 18."
  • February 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    MSPs voted by 105 to 18 in favour of the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Bill. Establishes belief ceremonies, such as humanist ceremonies as a "third form of marriage", alongside religious and civil events. Allowing transgender people to stay married, rather than having to get divorced, when obtaining a Gender Recognition Certificate. Amended guidance on the teaching of the issue in schools.
  • January 7
    Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
    The newly enacted regulation against same sex marriage implies such act is punishable by fourteen-year term of imprisonment.
  • December 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    New non-discrimination law protects LGBT persons from discriminations in the workplace. Language does not strictly protects people of other gender identities however.
  • December 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Federal judge strikes down Utah's same-sex marriage ban
  • December 19
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    State's highest court rules gay marriage ban unconstitutional
  • December 11
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
    Homosexual relations in India was ruled illegal and thus so is homosexual union.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    The Delhi High Court ruling, IPC 377, was overruled by the Supreme Court of India. Sexual intercourse between two people of the same sex is illegal, being punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment.
  • December 9
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    Transgender persons can now change their legal gender without having had sexual reassignment surgeries.
  • December 2
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Gay couples tie the knot in Hawaii as same-sex marriage law kicks in
  • November 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • November 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Proposition 110 still states that same sex union is not legal. However, it removed all penalty involved with marriage ceremony or attempts to register, effectively de-criminalizing the act.
  • October 22
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Passed in ACT only
  • October 10
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • September 27
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • September 19
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Not all clinics/hospitals follow this law.
  • August 19
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Only for married couples and individuals. Banned still for any couples who are unmarried or in a civil union.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • August 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Governor Mark Dayton signed a bill into law overturning a previous law which banned marriage between anyone other than one man and one woman.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • July 29
    LGBT discrimination becomes legal.
    Signed into law by President Vladimir Putin, the law on “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors” criminalizes public expression of support for nontraditional relationships.
  • July 22
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    Health Canada changed the indefinite deferral period to a 5-year deferral, effective July 22, 2013.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    MSMs were previously put on indefinite deferral until the 2013 announcement by Canadian Blood Services.
  • July 17
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Came into force as of March 29th, 2014 . Same-sex marriage is still unrecognized fully in some parts of the UK (such as Northern Ireland.)
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Legal from March 13th 2014
  • July 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • June 28
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • June 10
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • June
    Same-sex adoption becomes step-child adoption only.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    From a Federal standpoint, you can change your gender with proof that you have undergone treatment for a gender change (surgery no longer required in any agency as of June 2013)
  • May 29
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Law does not protect against property rentals.
  • May 17
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 14
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Since May 14, 2013, any same-sex civil union can be converted into marriage, according to the Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) resolution.
  • May 13
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    Hong Kong Supreme Court ruled that post-operative transsexuals could change their legal gender for purposes including marriage.
  • May 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    The Colorado General Assembly passed SB-11, the Colorado Civil Union Act.
  • April 24
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The Chilean Homosexual Integration and Liberation Movement (MOVILH) lobbied to repeal the ban.
  • April 18
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Though the US Supreme Court and the Montana Supreme Court both ruled the law unconstitutional and unenforceable as early as 2003, it remained on the books until officially removed on 4/18/2013.
  • April 17
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • April 10
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • April 2
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent for both was raised to 18 in 2013
  • April
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • March 22
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    Transgender persons are permitted to change their gender without having had sexual reassignment surgeries.
  • February 22
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Article 321 of the penal code was amended to protect LGBT individual from discrimination. Implementation of this law however has not yet been found.
  • February 19
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • January 22
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes legal.
    At this time there is no discrimination protection at the State level
  • December 25
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
  • November 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • November 6
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • October 17
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    applicable only to Cebu City
  • September 29
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Note that this only applies to youth (under 18 years olds)
  • September 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned.
    A registered celebrant is not permitted to conduct legally binding commitment ceremonies for same-sex couples, although they may conduct non-legally binding ceremonies as long as both the couple and those attending are under no illusion that the ceremony
  • July 31
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • July 12
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • June 27
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    Therapy required
  • June 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • June 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 24
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
    People have a right to change their legal gender without approval from a doctor or a judge. Sex reassignment surgery and hormonal treatments are not required, but they are provided by the state for free to anyone who requests them. Several people had had their legal gender changed before the Gender Identity Law through court decisions, including popular actress, TV host and trans woman Flor de la V.
  • May 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
    Constitutional ban under Amendment One ballot initiative in 2011 and 2012.
  • April 30
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Sexual orientation is protected from employment discrimination in the most recently passed law on labor in Venezuela. (Although it has been protected in some form or other since 1996)
  • April 20
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • January 6
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Contained in the state constitution and is regulated by Law number 7383
  • December 30
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Article 280 of the 2011 Family Code states marriage as a union between a man and a woman.
  • December 26
    Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
    Article 11 of the law of family and marriage explicitly prohibits same sex couples from marrying each other.
  • November 30
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Sexual orientation is explicitly covered in the law. Gender Identity on the other hand, is not mentioned explicitly but is implied.
  • November 7
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
  • September 20
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't ask don't tell was officially repealed.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Legalized with national passing of Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • September 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
  • July 24
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriage Equality Act
  • July 9
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 10 years in prison and a fine
  • July
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    In all Federal positions, discrimination based on sexual orientation is against the law. In non-federal government jobs, it is based on the state's laws.
  • May 5
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    Although the first formal legal recognition of a civil union took place in 2004 (See first source), the Supreme Court did not rule in favor of civil unions throughout the country until May 5, 2011.
  • April 7
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Originally banned in a measure on a ballot, but Arkansas Supreme Court Overruled
  • March 15
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
  • February 4
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal.
  • January 4
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Military policies are under federal jurisdiction in the United States.
  • Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    Granted under the Civil Partnership and Certain Rights and Obligations of Cohabitants Act 2010
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Although you can't have sex for a year.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    The Equal Treamtent Law of 2010 prohibits sexual orientation discrimination in employment.
  • November 30
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    The recent reform or the labour law includes a non discrimination article that protects gender and sexual preferences.
  • November 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    Law specifies that married couples or single individuals may adopt, but there is no same sex marriage in Ireland at present.
  • October 22
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Law still on the books banning it, but the court systems have determined that the law is unconstitutional.
  • October 10
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriages performed in the Kingdom of the Netherlands are recognised. They are not however performed in Sint Maarten.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriages performed in the Kingdom of the Netherlands are recognised. They are not however performed in Curaçao.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriages performed in the Kingdom of the Netherlands are recognised. They are not however performed in Aruba.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriages performed in the Kingdom of the Netherlands are recognised. They are not however performed in the Netherlands Antilles.
  • October 8
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    The law against racism and all other forms of discrimination, in article 5a explicitly includes sexual orientation and (gender) identity.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Discrimination is protected for sexual orientation and gender identity as per the law against racism and discrimination of any kind.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Discrimination is protected for sexual orientation and gender identity as per the law against racism and discrimination of any kind.
  • October 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Laws against inciting hatred on sexual orientation through an aggravating circumstance and anti-discrimination laws in all areas on sexual orientation and gender identity (including harassment, victimisation, direct and indirect discrimination)
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    For Local Authorities they would be bound by Equality Act 2010 and have a duty under Public Sector Equality Duty. For private landlords would be bound by Equality Act 2010
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • September 2
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • August 30
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
  • August 10
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
  • July 27
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • July 15
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • July 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes other type of partnership.
    Registered partnership is available
  • June 27
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 31
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • May 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes married couples only.
    Any individual can apodt regardless of thair marital status but prefecence has to be given to married couples. Joint adoption is available only for them. Second parent adoption is available for married and cohabiting couples - regardless of gender - but not for registered (same sex) partners. Same sex cohabiting couples's joint adoption has to be authorized by the Guardianship Office.
  • April 2
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • April 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Made officially legal through the Consolidated Children's Act of 2010
  • February 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes illegal.
  • February 10
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    See the constitution – section 23, paragraph 3.
  • February 5
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • February 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
  • January 6
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 85 prohibits "any acts against nature committed against person of same sex" with 6 months to 2 years imprisonment and fines as punishment. However, Central African Republic is currently not functioning as a state and thus the law may not be exercised.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Signed into law on June 3, 2009.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Age of consent in Fiji is 16, regardless of sexual orientation.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Legal age of consent is 18, but close in age exclusions apply.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.